Studies

For more information about recreational fisheries please refer to the following documents:

See also terminology used in 'Hidden Harvest - The Global Contribution of Capture Fisheries', The World Bank (2012) - see page XV (pdf file page 16) 

See also 'Glossary of Recreational Fishing Terms' in 'ICES Working Group on Recreational Fisheries Surveys 2013 (WGRFS)'; pp. 25-27: 

- "These definitions have been taken from a number of sources including Wikipedia, national recreational fishing reports, ICES, and FAO, and were adapted for our purposes. The terms are defined in the context of recreational fishing and some terms may have slightly different (but analogous) meanings for commercial fishing and in fisheries science." 

- "Recreational fishing is the capture or attempted capture of living aquatic resources mainly for leisure and / or personal consumption. This covers active fishing methods including line, spear, and hand–gathering, and passive fishing methods including nets, traps, pots, and set–lines." 


Fishing motivation factors 
A commercial fisherman goes fishing to earn money first and foremost. Profit is not a motivation factor for recreational fishers. They are driven by a number of other factors, such as nature discovery, relaxation, social connexions… See for an example "The Importance of Understanding Angler Heterogeneity for Managing Recreational Fisheries" (2014) by Alan Benedict Beardmore, 2013 (see p. 93, table 3.1), and "Effectively managing angler satisfaction in recreational fisheries requires understanding the fish species and the anglers" by Ben Beardmore, Len M. Hunt, Wolfgang Haider, Malte Dorow, and Robert Arlinghaus


Further reading:

● "European charter on recreational fishing and biodiversity" adopted by the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (the Bern Convention), December 2010 

● "Explaining participation rates in recreational fishing across industrialised countries", by Arlinghaus, Tilnner and Bork (2015) 

● "Marine Recreational Fisheries - Data Collection", Presentation given at Mediterranean Advisory Council meeting, Athens, 6 October 2015 - by Harry V. Strehlow, Thünen Institute of Baltic Sea Fisheries, and Kieran Hyder, Cefas Lowestoft 

● “The Sunken Billions: The Economic Justification for Fisheries Reform” - by The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank (2009)
Page.44: “For example, in the United States, the total national economic impact from commercial finfish fisheries is 28.5 per cent of the impact created by marine recreational fisheries (Southwick Associates 2006), and in the case of the striped bass resources, which are shared between the commercial and recreational sectors, anglers harvest 1.28 times more fish, yet produce over 12 times more economic activity as a result (Southwick Associates 2005).” 

● "Hidden harvest : the global contribution of capture fishing" - by World Bank (2012)
Key findings (page XVIII ; pdf file's page 19):
"...Global estimated expenditures by approximately 220 million recreational fishers are about $190 billion annually. Recreational fisheries can be of greater economic importance than commercial fisheries in some countries, and they contribute about $70 billion to global GDP."