Socio-Economic Studies - UK
Introduction to UK studies: In 2001 the Environment Agency (EA) economic survey calculated that the average annual expenditure on the sport by coarse anglers was £859 (giving an annual spend in England and Wales alone of almost £2 billion); the equivalent figures for game angling were £682/angler/annum and £545 in total for England and Wales. This suggests that, if Scotland and Northern Ireland are added, and sea angling is taken into account, the grand total for all UK angling could climb to about £4 billion // 6 billion euro.
England - Sea Angling 2012 study. Final report released in November 2013:
- 884,000 sea anglers, England (Great Britain: 1.08 mill people (ca. 2.2% of the adult population) went sea angling in 2012 - England 884,000; Wales 76,000; Scotland: 125,000)
- £ 2.1 billion economic impact
- 23,000 jobs supported
Public attitudes to angling in UK (England and Wales) - 2005
Page 6: Overall participation in angling 13% of the population over 12 said they had been fishing (freshwater and/or sea) in the last 2 years (5.8 million people).
9% of the population over 12 (4.2 million people) had been fishing (freshwater and/or sea) in the last year.
A further report on the value of recreational angling has been compiled by Nautilus for the Invest In Fish project in the South-West www.investinfish.org: 'The Motivation, Demographics and Views of South West Recreational Sea Anglers and their Socio-economic Impact on the Region' (2005), Nautilus Consultants (Note: InvInFish steering Group member Malcolm Gilbert (page 3): 'The £165 million of sea angling expenditure supports 3000 jobs across the South West and such figures justify serious consideration of how our fish stock resources should be managed and for what overarching purpose.')
'Net Benefits Report - A sustainable and profitable future for UK fishing' - 2004, Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit - In June 2005, the four UK Fisheries Administrations published their joint response to the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit report Net Benefits.
- The report values the recreational sea angling sector as being worth ‘at least £1 billion’ and estimates that there are 2 million people who went sea angling in England & Wales in 2002
'Research into the Economic Contribution of Sea Angling' - 2004, Drew Associates Limited
- The report calculated that the direct spend by Recreational anglers in the England & Wales amounted to £538 million and the total worth of the sector could be some £1.3 billion. Page iii: 'The total expenditure by anglers resident in England and Wales was estimated as £538m per year from 12.7m angler days of activity (..) In terms of first round impacts, the spending translates into 18,889 jobs and £71m in suppliers. income. Multiplier effects were not measured.' Page 65:' Our figures are not easily compared with the £28m injection of expenditure by anglers into the Welsh coastal economy (Nautilus Consultants, 2002), not least because different countries are involved. Their figure of 41,100 anglers fishing in Wales seems low compared with our Omnibus estimate of at least 1.1m [sea anglers] for England and Wales. In addition, their expenditure figures appear to consist only of trip-related spending, and exclude the important overhead cost element in the annual spend - especially on capital items such as tackle and boats.' Page 66: 'Using the full range of estimates, we derive a total value for the angling experience of between £600m and £1,300m per year.'
Economics of Recreational Sea Angling - 2007, Compiled by the Sea Anglers’ Conservation Network, SACN
The Economic Impact of Game and Coarse Angling in Scotland - 2004 - Press release of 15 March 2004 - Scottish Executive - 'Angling reels in £113m for economy'
'...The principal aim was to analyse the impact of angler expenditure on output income and employment. Two key findings were: - anglers spend a total of £113million on angling in Scotland, with salmon and sea trout anglers accounting for over 65% (£73m) of this total. - £20.7m of expenditure would be lost in the Highland region if salmon and sea trout fishing were to cease. The best estimate is that freshwater angling in Scotland results in the Scottish economy producing over £100m worth of annual output, which support around 2,800 jobs and generates nearly £50m in wages and self-employment income to Scottish households.